is the major source of livelihood in Albay Province. The volcanic rocks
and ashes that
Mt. Mayon spewed
have destroyed at least P100 million worth of crops.
of Agriculture in Albay said P100.7 million worth of unmilled rice, fruit
trees, vegetables, bananas and hemp were destroyed by searing-hot volcanic
ash and rocks expelled by Mayon.
The initial estimate
of damage did not yet include those in coconut plantations, which were
still being assessed by officials.
people have been displaced and more than 65,000 are being housed in tents
and classrooms. Mayon usually remained active for 2 to 3 months at a time,
thus the evacuees may have to stay out of their homes for at least that
Singapore (Reuters) - While villagers living
near Mayon volcano are feeling the force of brutal eruptions almost daily,
the rest of the world could feel Mayon's impact through cooler global temperature.
Experts say if the dust makes it into the upper atmosphere, it would form
a veil over the Earth, preventing some of the Sun's heat from reaching
the Earth's surface and causing temperatures to drop. But this does not
have any long-term effect.
February 21, 2000 (Monday)
February 22, 2000 (Tuesday)
The flow of magma
toward the crater has been pushing lava out of the volcano's rim.
February 23, 2000(Wednesday)
At dawn, lava
started to flow down the slopes of Mayon Volcano. The lava is seen rolling
five kilometers down a gully on the southeastern slope at 80 kilometers
Portion of the
crater wall collapsed, discharging ash 400 meters into the air.
The lava has
been clearly visible at around 7 p.m. and flowed until 5 a.m., Wednesday,
down Bonga gully in Camalig, Albay.
24, 2000 (Thursday)
to flow down from the summit while volcanic ash fell on the area around
Mayon Volcano the whole day.
As the dome grows
due to magma buildup at the summit, materials are continuously being detached
from the lava dome, comprised of either lava fragments or rocks that produce
rockfalls. Lava fragments rolled down the slope of Mayon to a distance
of about 1 kilometer from the summit.
Police and military
personnel forcibly evacuated 3,944 residents within the six-kilometer radius
of Mt Mayon considered a Permanent Danger Zone. Those evacuated came from
the towns of Tabaco, Sto. Domingo, Malilipot and Camalig.
February 25, 2000 (Friday)
In 14 explosions,
the mountain shot lava and ash into the air, darkening the sky and prompting
a mass evacuation.
February 26, 2000 (Saturday)
volcano appeared to have simmered down, quietly extruding lava from its
Hundreds of evacuees
returned to their homes during the lull to check or collect firewood, water
of overcrowded evacuation centers at schools where some families are packed
12 to a room. Others said there were not enough toilet facilities and drinking
Estrada release some 20 million pesos for relief fund.
February 27, 2000 (Sunday)
Mayon Volcano again spews more lava and red-colored molten rocks which
slides slowly down the slope.
noon, the volcano ejected a cloud of ash 500 meters into the sky, accompanied
by a load booming sound.
Five others up
to 1 p.m. followed the eruption at intervals of 16 minutes.
Around 2:30 p.m.,
a bigger explosion shot ashes two kilometers high. The ashes drifted southwest
and settled on the slopes. The thickest ashfall was recorded in Barangay
Masarawag, Guinobatan, around 8 kilometers from the crater.
The more than
47,000 evacuees have been warned to keep away from an 8-kilometer danger
zone. The area is still under Alert Level 5.
February 28, 2000 (Monday)
to spew lava and molten rocks down the Bonga Gully and volcanologists warned
anew of dangers of major eruptions. Alert Level 5 is still in effect.
used clothing, clean potable water arrive into cramped evacuation centers
from both the government and private sectors in answer to calls for assistance
by thousands of refugees in seven towns and Legaspi City displaced by Mayon
Gov. Luis Villafuerte lead volunteers aboard a long convoy of trucks and
vehicles that carries relief goods and other necessities.
A big team of
volunteer doctors attends to the evacuees who need immediate medical care.
4, 2000 (Saturday)
Since the evacuees
have to stay for two to three months, the provincial disaster management
officer, Cedric Daep, said they will need to spend about 25 million pesos
($625,000) on food alone for the first month. This is based on a government
guideline that says a family of six evacuees should get only about 90 pesos
($2.25) worth of food a day. This amount does not include the cost of potable
water, transportation and medicine.
March 6, 2000 (Monday)
residents from 19 villages in Albay are still threatened by lahar flow.
8 major tributaries
around Mayon Volcano are heavily silted with volcanic debris. Heavy downpour
can trigger the lahar flows.
defied bans on entering the danger zone, checking on their farms and homes
during lulls in Mayon's tantrums. Villagers who were forced to flee their
homes are now anxious to leave packed evacuation centers as eruptions died
living in intolerably crowded conditions, with holes dug behind the classrooms
and draped with cardboard or pieces of cloth serving as toilets. Many had
to sleep on cold, concrete floors.
To relieve the
boredom, a few carried television sets and stereo systems from their homes
to the evacuation centers.
storeowners set up small market stalls in the centers.
In Manila, the
Department of Labor and Employment announced that it would help displaced
villagers find alternative means of livelihood by holding training seminars
in evacuation centers.
March 7, 2000 (Tuesday)
A heavy downpour
poses a threat of volcanic mudflows and could hit populated areas and a
and medicine are being distributed among the evacuees. The DOH had already
sought technical and material assistance from the World Health Organization.
transportation in Bicol, has deprived the region of tourism revenues from
local and foreign tourists. This has also prevented the immediate transport
of goods to and from Bicol.
in the upper middle slopes collapsed at 7:46 a.m. to produce a voluminous secondary
pyroclastic flow, accompanied by tremors that
people mistook for another eruption.
walls of lava deposits on Mayon's slopes collapsed and rolled down the
mountain, throwing up clouds of ash which swamped the villages as far as
12 km for the crater.
People in the
streets started running, vehicles stopped and darkness enveloped some areas
for about two hours.
50 million cubic meters (1,750 million cubic feet) of volcanic materials
deposited on the slopes now pose an even bigger danger to the villages
and towns at the foot of Mayon.
Heavy rains could
loosen these deposits and turn them into violent rivers of mud and rocks
that could destroy villages in their path.
The Albay Provincial
Disaster Coordinating Council (PDCC) has distributed 70% of the P20 million
released by President Estrada to eight towns and Legazpi City while retaining
30 percent for future contingencies.
(Note: The above
articles have been compiled from various newspaper reports.)